SURVIVAL GUIDE (PostGraduate)
A FEW TIPS, ONCE ARRIVED…..
There are few things that have to be made sure are done at least a couple of weeks upon arrival :
“PLEASE CONSULT YOUR SENIORS IF YOU HAVE ANY PROBLEMS. DO ASK EVEN IT IS THE LAMEST QUESTIONS”
1. Hall Registration – normally, university accomodations are provided for the first years – you should’ve known about this already
University phamplet, maps and related documentation
2. University Registration – know where your university is and when to register. Again, please ask your seniors if you have any problem
Important documents must be with you:-
- University offer letter
- Sponsorship letter
- Passport and visa
- Others related letter
- Employer support letter and related documents (If necessary – Postgrade student)
3. Register with National Health Service (NHS)
Important documents must be with you:-
- University offer letter
- Student card
- Passport and visa
For details information about NHS, visit http://www.nhs.uk/servicedirectories
– University Health Service
- Health Centre, 53 Gell Street, Sheffield S3 7QP, Telephone: 0114 22 22 100 (24hrs), Fax: 0114 22 22 123
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
– Certificate for Full Help with Health costs – This certificate is needed for free prescription.
- Obtained HC1 form at any Boots Pharmacy
- Complete the form and attached with registration statement (Sheffield) and financial affidavit from University (Do not send original financial affidavit from KPT)
4. Open a bank account (Debit card) – there are number of banks which you can deal with – HSBC, Natwest, Lloyds, Barclays etc. Each bank will have different offers to make and therefore do some reseach and choose what’s best for you
Important documents to be prepared before application process:-
- University offer letter
- Student card
- Bank letter (obtained from Student Union) – make sure you name in the Bank letter is same as stated in the Visa.
- Passport an visa
- Traveller cheques/Bank draft/Cash money
5. Getting halal food – as much as we could, we will try to list down some helpful information including halal food at your locality in the Locality Information stated below.
6. Basic needs – for those in the UK, the most common place everyone goes to when the want to find something is in Argos. Most of your basic needs can also be found in departmental stores such as ASDA as stated in the Locality Information list.
7. Prayer Room in University – Ask your senior Malaysian students, the location of prayer room and other masjid is listed in the Locality Information as stated below.
8. Get to know your Malaysian community – in most places the Malaysian community at almost every locality will be holding welcoming events to the new students so that they will feel at homes and will adapt to the new environment quicker. Please go to these events, to get to know your Malaysian community. If you are lucky enough, you can get to treat yourself for some nasi lemak, mee goreng or even satay!
WHO TO EXPECT?
You may have different perceptions about the UK and Ireland before coming here especially when this is your first time. Well, these might help and let’s see how true your perception is.
People here are friendly. Don’t be shy to ask. They will try to help you. Also, you get to see a lot of foreigners here so you do not have to worry for there are a lot of people out there like you! (especially if you are living in big cities)
FREQUENTLY ASK QUESTIONS (FAQ)
Preserving Wudhuk (Ablution)
“…..The water from one tap is too cold, while the other is too hot. But we have to do the ablution 5 times a day. Is there a solution ?”
It is indeed difficult to perform ablution during winter because the water is cold. Where occasionally ther are two taps on each sink (hot and cold) and the temperature difference of the water from each tap is big. In other words, one is too hot and the other is too cold. Perform the ablution as in mentioned by Allah swt in Al-Quran (al-Maidah:6). Only, it is not necessary to wash each part of three times. Once is sufficient but make sure the water passes thoroughly the entirely of each part.
It is very proper and even Sunnah to wear socks that coger up to over the ankles while in the state of having wudhuk and not taking it off. This is to ease us in doing ablution and solah everywhere. It is not necessary to put our feet in the sink to wsh it since this act is very inconvenient and troublesome and may also be seen as indecent. Do ablution as usual but replace tha washing of the feet with wiping the top side of socks with water. As in the hadith : “Hamman r.a. explained : One day, Jarir passed water and then performed abluiton and he wiped both of his shoes. A witness said: You are doing it like this ? Jarir answered: Yes! I saw the Prophet of Allah SAW passing water and then performing ablution and wiping the top side of his shoes which covered his ankles” – narrated by Bukhari
The period of using the socks or khuf is 3 days and 3 nights for travellers (musafir) whereas 1 day and 1 night for non travellers. Once the socks are taken off, it is necessaray to perform properly including washing of the feet.
Usage of socks or khuf’s is not restricted to any situation of climate. It is but a blessing from Allah SWT to ease His believers.
- www.al-ahkam.net – Khuf
- http://www.al-firdausi.com – Panduan Ibadah dalam Musafir Penerbangan
- www.sahihalbukhari.com – Book of Prayer
“….مَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ حَرَجٍ وَلَٰكِنْ يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ
“…..Allah doth not wish to place you in a difficulty, but to make you clean, and to complete His favour to you, that ye may be grateful. (Al-Maidah : 6)
لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا ۚ لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَعَلَيْهَا مَا اكْتَسَبَتْ ۗ رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِنْ نَسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ ۖ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا ۚ أَنْتَ مَوْلَانَا فَانْصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ
” On no soul doth Allah place a burden greater than it can bear. It gets every good that it earns and it suffers every ill that it earns. (Pray): “Our Lord! condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which Thou didst lay on those before us; Our Lord! lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. Thou art our Protector; help us against those who stand against faith.”
“On the authority of Aishah, who said, The Messenger of Allah SAW said: “He who innovates something in this matter of ours that is not of it will have it rejected.” (Bukhari and Muslim)
Jama’ and Qasar
“Prayer times often clash with lectures, and sometimes with exsminations. How do we pray in these conditions ?”
Jama’ (joining of 2 prayer in 1 prayer time)
When living in a non-Muslim country, no time is set aside for prayer. This problem often arises in winter when day time is brief causing the difference between the time for Dhuhr and Maghrib prayers to be very short. In such situations, it is allowed to do Jama’ of prayers due to the inconvenience faced to do the prayer on time, based on the actions the Prophet SAW combining prayers during rain, travelling (musafir), war etc. late scholars expanded the concept and meaning of inconvenience to suit the needs and necessities of the currnet age (1).
Travelling is not a condition that permits one to do Jama’ unless the situation of the traveller leads to inconvenience to do the prayers in their respective times. The inconvenience faced must be of which is certain and inevitable because doing prayers on their respective times is very important as stated in the Al-Quran:
“Verily prayers are enjoined on believers of stated time” (An-Nisa : 103)
Jama’ of prayes is to combine 2 obligatory prayersand doing it in one time which is combining Zhuhr with Asr and Maghrib with Isha. Only these combinations are permitted and there is no Jama’ for Fajr prayer. This is so because of no other examples shown by the Prophet SAW and an important method in an Ibadah to Allah is that it is compulsory to have existing evidence from Al-Quran or from Sunnah of the Prophet SAW.
Sometimes lectures or examinations carries on from before Dhuhr time until the time of maghrib. Therefore, in these situations, the students must act proactively by:
- asking permission from the lecturer to go out for awhile to do solah
- Finding time to do solah in between lectures
- Eventhough this is a very case. As through experience, there has always been a certain period of time in between lectures in a day
If the inconvenience to do solah on time occurs on Fridays, Jama’ can be done for Friday and Asr prayers by doing the Friday prayers as usual, then getting up to do Asr prayer afterwards (2).
Jama’ of prayers must be done consecutively without separating the two prayers even with a recitation of dhikr. It is allowable to span the time between one prayer and the other only on essential grounds such as renewing an invalidated wudhu’. Prayers must be done in order which means Dhuhr must be done before Asr and Maghrib before Isha (3). Details of the recital of the intentions are not required since it was never a practice of the Prophet SAW. Intentions lie in the heart and it is translated into conscious actions (4).
Qasar (shortening of prayers )
Qasar alone and jama’ with Qasar together can be only performed while on travel (musafir). Allah’s words:
وَإِذَا ضَرَبْتُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَنْ تَقْصُرُوا مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ إِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَن يَفْتِنَكُمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۚ إِنَّ الْكَافِرِينَ كَانُوا لَكُمْ عَدُوًّا مُبِينًا ْ
When ye travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayer, for fears the Unbelievers will attack you” (An-Nisa : 101)
Ya’alaa bin Umayyah said: I asked Umar Al-Khattab r.a. about the verse: “When ye travel on earth, there is no blaming on you if ye shorten your prayers, for fear the Unbelievers may attack you,” whereas now, the people are at peace.
Umar replied: “I had wondered list like you so I can asked the Prophet SAW about this matter and he replied: That is a charity from Allah Azza wa Jalla to all of you, therefore take it.” (5) narrated by Muslim.
Qasar is shortening the prayer with 4 rakaats into 2 rakaats which are Dhuhr, Asr and Isha (6). The status of traveller (musafir) is obtained when one travels outside the range of his usual journeys and does not intend to reside at the place of destinations (7).
You are staying in Nottingham. You are regarded a traveller (musafir) it you went to Sheffield and stayed there for a few days. If inconvenient arises, you can do jama’and qasar. Otherwise, you can do qasar prayers for the whole time during the stay.
- www.al-firdausi.com – Musafir Penerbangan dan Beberapa Permasalahan, Menjamak Solat
- www.al-ahkam.net – SJ -06-0015, SJ-06-0025
- www.sahihalbukhari.com – Book of Prayer Times, no 571
- http://www.qss.org – The Prophet’s Prayer Describe, Syeikh Nasr Ad-Din al Albani r.h. intention 58
- www.sahihmuslim.com – Book of Prayer, The Pray of Travellers and Shortening It. No 1461
- http://www.al-firdausi.com – Musafir Penerbangan dan Beberapa Permasalahan.Mengqasar Solat
Sharing kitchen with non-muslim
“A flatmate of mine (non-muslim) often uses my kitchen utensils to prepared food. Do I have to wash the used utensils 7 times (first wash using water mixes with soil?
It is wrong or sinful to utilise kitchen utensils such as pans, bows and knives etc that have been used by non-muslims, with a condition that they be washed first.
It is not obligatory to wash the utensils 7 times (first wash using water mixed with soil). It is sufficient to wash them with water and washing liquid to the extent of eliminating the scent, and colour of the food on the utensils.
The following hadith narrated by Abu Dawud and considered Sahih (authentic) by al-Albani, in sahih Sunan Abu Dawud – Hadith no 3839 (Book of eating, Chapter : Eating with the utensils of the People of the Book) is referred to :
Tsa’labah al-Khusyani r.a. said, I asked the Prophet of Allah SAW: “Verily, we live together with people of the Book. They often cook pork (swine) in their pots and drink wine (liquor) in their glasses. Are we allowed to use these pots and glasses ? TheProphet of Allah SAW answered: if you can find other utensils, then eat and drink from them, if you cannot find other utensils, then wash those with water then eat and drink from them.” (1)
The same goes for the impureness of dogs since it is common among the people from abroad to bring dogs out of walks with them. It is not required of us to clean our clothes or body parts if they came into contact with a dog of if we stepped on dogs’ faeces except for when either of them came into contact with a dog lick. This is based on the hadith with the meaning:
“When a dog drinks form a container of one of you, wash it 7 times” (Sahih al-Bukhari – hadith no 172 – Book of Wudhu’. Chapter : if a dog drinks from a container…)
To the majority of Islamic scholars, this hadith is regarding the method of purifying the impureness of dogs only-not other than it (2). To Hanafi’s and Hambali’s school of thought, only
dogs’ saliva is impure, not their body parts (3).
A majority of scholars’opinion says eating pork and dog meat is forbidden(2). Even though, there are different opinions regarding the impureness of the two. Therefore the opinion mentioned before is very appropriate to be practised.
- Hadith Lecture Subulus Salam, e-hadith.info. by Prof Mad Dr RAdhi Othman, USM and hafiz Firdaus Abdullah “Meninjau Semula Hukum Kenajisan Khinzir” from email@example.com moderated by Ustaz Maszlee, UIAM
- Ustaz Maszlee, UIAM “Doktrin Babi Yang Menyusahkan Umat Islam” from firstname.lastname@example.org
- www.islamonline.net. Ask about Islam “Dogs in the House”.
1. Local Mosques
- The Muslim Welfare House of Sheffield, 10 – 12 Severn Road, Broomhill, Sheffield S10 2SU
- Allyah Masjid, Roundel Street, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S9 3LE
- Jama Masjid, 30 Bodmin Street, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S9 3TA
- Jamia Mosque Ghausia, Firth Park Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S5 6WN
- Madani Masjid, 22 Wincobank Lane, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S4 8AA
- Markazi Jamia Mosque, 13 Industry Road, Darnall, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S9 5FP
- Masjid Ellahi, 14 Wilfred Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S9 3ES
- Masjid Hanafi, 372 Sheffield Road, Tinsley, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S9 1RQ
- Masjid Umar, 306 Barnsley Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S5 7AD
- Sheffield Islamic Centre – Madina Masjid, 16-24 Wolseley Road, Sheffield, S8 0ZU
- Noor Al-Hadi Masjid, 275-305 Staniforth Road, Darnall, South Yorkshire S9
- Jamia Mosque & Usmania Education Centre, 22 Leyburn Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S8 0XA
- Baitul Mukarram Jamia Mosque, 362 London Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S2 4NB
- Masjid Al-Khair, 27 Rothay Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S4 8BD
2. Halal shops
- Yafai & Sons, 29 Filey Street, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S10 2FQ, Tel: +44 (0)114 273 0204
- Red Sea Continental Food,64 Upperthorpe Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S6 3EB, Tel: +44 (0)114 275 4848
- Madina Manawara, 71 Norborough Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S9 1SH
- Malik Halal Butcher, 125 Upwell Street, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S4 8AN, Tel: +44 (0)114 242 0909
- Rehman & Sons, 529-531 Abbeydale Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S7 1FU, Tel: +44 (0)114 255 0789
- Omar General & Halal Meat, 218 Wellgate, Rotherham, South Yorkshire S60 2PD
- West Street Grocers, 185 West Street, Sheffield, Tel: +44 (0)114 249 1770
3. Halal Restaurants and take away
- Gulshan Balti House, 50 Wicker Lane, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S3 8JB
- Chaman Grill & Balti, 51-53 Wicker, Sheffield, S3 8HT, Tel: 0114-249 1363
- Imran’s SFC, 60-62 Wicker, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S3 8JD, Tel: (0114) 275 7521
- Just Halal Kebabs, 35 The Wicker, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S3 8HS, Tel: 0114 278 7111
- Kebabish Original, 25 Wicker, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S3 8HS, Tel: 0114 2730008
- Malik Kebab House, 463 Barnsley Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S5 7AB, Tel: 0114 2444418
- Pizza & Kebab House, 517 Abbeydale Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S7 1FU, Tel: 0114 2555442
4. Departmental stores
- ASDA, Handsworth Road, Sheffield, S13 9BN, Tel: 0114 2635012
5. Local Banks
- NatWest Bank
- HSBC Bank, 49 – 63 Fargate Sheffield South Yorkshire S1 2HD, Tel: 08457 404 404 – (Islamic: Amanah Account)
- Lloyds Bank (Islamic Account)
6. Public Transportation services
- Sheffield Railway Station, Sheaf St, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S1 2BP, Tel: 0845 7484950
- First Bus / Tram
- Stagecoach Bus / Tram
7. Hospitals & NHS
- Northern General Hospital, Herries Rd, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S5 7AU, Tel: 0114 243 4343
- Charles Clifford Dental Hospital, Wellesley Rd, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S10 2SZ, Tel: 0114 271 7800
- Sheffield Childrens NHS Trust, Slockton House, 18, Union Rd, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S1 2JR, Tel: 0114 226 2307
- Jessop Wing, within Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Glossop Rd, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S10 2JF, Tel: 0114 271 1900
8. Pharmacy shop
- Wicker Pharmacy, 55- 59, Wicker, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S3 8HT, Tel: 0114 2727676
- Chemists @ Home , 188, Crookesmoor Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S10 1BE, Tel: 0114 268 0296
- The Co-operative Pharmacy, 11, Market St, Penistone, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S36 6BZ, Tel: 01226 762185
- Boots The Chemist, Unit C, Crystal Peaks Retail Park, Drake House Way, Crystal Peaks, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S20 7JL, Tel: 0114 247 8430
- Alliance Pharmacy, 50, Manor Park Centre, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S2 1WE, Tel: 0114 239 6321
- Harvey & Richardson Ltd, 6, Tinsley Centre,Bawtry Rd, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S9 1UY, Tel: 0114 244 2121
- Lloyds Pharmacy, 428-430, Firth Park Rd, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S5 6HH, Tel: 0114 243 8533